Here a new study was presented to find mushroom spores that can survive outside walls and satellites.
The most common spores of the two types of Aspergillus ISS and Pennicillium fungi, through which X-rays are 200 times greater than the dose used, will kill humans, according to Martha Kortesao, microbiologist at the DLR in Cologne. a new study at Friday’s conference on astrobiology in 2019 AbSciCon 2019. Pennicillium and Aspergillus species are generally harmless, but inhaling large amounts of spores can harm people with weakened immune systems.
Mushroom spores can withstand extreme temperatures, UV light, chemicals, and dry conditions. This resistance makes it difficult to kill them.
Now we know that mold spores hold more radiation than we thought, to the point where you consider it when cleaning spacecraft inside and outside Kortesao.
If you are planning a long-term mission, we plan to have these mushroom spores because they are likely to survive in space travel.
The new study also shows that protocols designed to prevent planets from visiting spacecraft designed by polluting other planets and moons in our solar system with microorganisms from Earth need mushroom spores to be considered a serious threat. But the mushrooms are not bad. Kortesao’s ability to use fungal species in the case of microorganisms that grow in space as biological plants for materials needed by society in long space travel.
Mushrooms are genetically closer to human bacteria. Their cells have a complex internal structure, like ours, with cellular equipment needed for the construction of polymers, food, vitamins, and other beneficial molecules that astronauts bring to the ground. Mushrooms can be used to make important things, compounds such as antibiotics and vitamins. Not only are pathogens and human spoilers bad for food, but antibiotics or other things that are used to produce long missions are needed to produce, said Kortesao.
Cortesao simulates cosmic radiation in the laboratory and regarding ionic radiation of X-rays, heavy ions and high-frequency ultraviolet rays on sponges that do not reach the surface of the earth but are in space.
Ionizing radiation kills cells by damaging their DNA and other important cellular infrastructure. The Earth’s magnetic field protects spacecraft in Earth orbit similar to ISC against intense radiation in interplanetary space. But the spacecraft heading to the moon or to Mars will open.