Author: Editorial Staff

New strategies for killing antibiotic-resistant pathogens

September 22, 2019

A deadly, antibiotic-resistant bacterium can be sterilized by hijacking its haem-acquisition system, which is essential for its survival. The new strategy, developed by Nagoya University researchers and colleagues in Japan, was published in the journal ACS Chemical Biology. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a dangerous bacterium that causes infections in hospital settings and in people with weakened […]

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Six galaxies undergo a sudden and dramatic transition

September 22, 2019

Galaxies come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes and brightnesses, ranging from humdrum ordinary galaxies to luminous active galaxies. While an ordinary galaxy is visible mainly because of the light from its stars, an active galaxy shines brightest at its center, or nucleus, where a supermassive black hole emits a steady blast of bright […]

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The new method for measuring nanostructured light fields

September 22, 2019

Structured laser light is already used in many applications: it can cut material more precisely, capture and move smallest particles or cell compartments, or enable a higher data rate in the next computer generation. Focusing on structured light rays through a strong lens, similar to a magnifying glass as a burning glass, creates three-dimensional light […]

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A new electrical equipment can help overcome baldness

September 22, 2019

Millions of hair loss sufferers around the world can reverse this condition with non-invasive and cost-effective electrical techniques that can stimulate hair growth. This technology stimulates the scalp with low-frequency electrical impulses that can suppress sleep follicles to continue hair production.

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Explanation of new mechanisms for semiconductor atomic sheet synthesis

September 22, 2019

In Japan Science and Technology Agency’s Strategic Basic Research Programs, clarifying a new synthesis mechanism regarding transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD), which are semiconductor atomic sheets having thickness in atomic order.

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Biologists find striking similarities between human and archaeal chromosomes

September 20, 2019

The researchers first discovered similarities between the chromosome organization in humans and archaea. This finding could support the use of archaea in research to understand human diseases related to errors in cellular gene expression, such as cancer. Such grouping of DNA in humans and archaeal chromosomes is important because some genes are activated or deactivated […]

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Researchers are studying key components in bacteria

September 20, 2019

A protective protein that can detect newly-made incomplete and hence potentially toxic protein chains in higher cells is found to have a relative in bacteria. There, the protein also plays a central role in quality control which ensures that defective proteins are degraded.

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Saturn’s ice rings are as old as the solar system

September 20, 2019

No one knows for certain when Saturn’s iconic rings formed, but a new study co-authored by a Southwest Research Institute scientist suggests that they are much older than some scientists think. The study takes a closer look at 2017 Cassini spacecraft data that inspired several research papers suggesting that the rings were formed around the […]

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Synthetic cells capture and reveal hidden messages from the immune system

September 18, 2019

When immune cells detect harmful pathogens or cancer, they mobilise and coordinate a competent defence response. To do this effectively immune cells must communicate in a way that is tailored to the pathogenic insult. Consequently, the body’s response to various health challenges depends on successful coordination among the cells of the immune system.

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The newly developed solar cell converts ambient light into electricity

September 18, 2019

Swedish and Chinese scientists have developed organic solar cells optimised to convert ambient indoor light to electricity. The power they produce is low, but is probably enough to feed the millions of products that the internet of things will bring online. As the internet of things expands, it is expected that we will need to […]

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